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Test Bank Nutrition Concepts and Controversies 15th Edition by Frances Sizer

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Test Bank Nutrition Concepts and Controversies 15th Edition by Frances Sizer

Test Bank Nutrition Concepts and Controversies 15th Edition by Frances Sizer


1. Malnutrition includes deficiencies, imbalances, and excesses of nutrients, alone or in combination, any of which can take a toll on health over time.





2. Good food choices can reduce the chance of developing chronic diseases.





3. One of the objectives included in the publication Healthy People 2020 is to increase the proportion of breastfed infants.





4. The human genome is 99.9% the same in all people.





5. Elemental diets help patients recover from nutrient deficiencies, infections, and wounds.





6. A whole, basic food becomes less nutritious when it is enriched or fortified. 





7. Functional foods contain bioactive food components believed to provide health benefits beyond the benefits conferred by their nutrient content.





8. Foods that are associated with particular cultural subgroups within a population are called ethnic foods.





9. For a new finding to be confirmed, it has to pass through rigorous testing in several kinds of experiments performed by different researchers.





10. Physical activity is not considered a factor that supports health.





11. “Healthy People 2020, a publication of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, envisions a society in which all people are wealthy and prosperous.”





12. The chemical energy stored in food can be converted to mechanical, electrical, thermal, or other forms of energy in the body. 





13. Government agencies and volunteer associations provide consumers with reliable health and nutrition information.





14. Which of the following conditions is easily treated because it is responsive to dietary changes? 





15. Which of the following diseases is responsible for the highest percentage of deaths in the United States?





16. The development of chronic diseases has a connection to poor diet and:





17. Which of the following nutrition and weight-related objectives is not included in the publication Healthy People 2020?





18. The effects of physical activity on the body include all of the following except:





19. Nutrition and weight-related objectives for the nation have been published by the: 





20. Which of the following nutrients contains cobalt?





21. All of the following nutrients are organic except





22. Energy-yielding nutrients are referred to as _____.





23. Which of the following nutrients can yield energy and provide materials for forming the structures and working parts of body tissues?





24. One gram of alcohol provides _____ calories.





25. Essential nutrients are:





26. The most energy-rich nutrient is:





27. Which of the following units is used by food scientists to measure food energy?





28. Identify characteristic of alcohol.





29. Which of the following statements is true of an elemental diet?





30. Carbohydrate and protein each provide _____ calories per gram. 





31. The major role of all vitamins and minerals in the human body is:





32. Compounds that give color and taste to foods are called _____.





33. Which of the following is an example of an ultra-processed food?





34. The term “_____ foods” has no legal definition but is often used to imply wholesomeness.





35. Foods that have been subjected to the addition of additives, milling, or cooking are called _____ foods. 





36. Steamed rice is an integral part of meals in Southeast Asia. Thus, steamed rice is an example of a(n) _____ food of Southeast Asia. 





37. In a nutritious diet, the foods provide sufficient quantities of essential nutrients, fiber, and energy to maintain health and body weight. This principle of diet planning is called _____.





38. A certain amount of fiber in foods contributes to the health of the digestive system. However, eating too much fiber leads to nutrient losses. The characteristic of diet planning illustrated by this statement is called _____.





39. Omnivorous people eat: 





40. The source of valid nutrition information is:





41. Which type of research studies populations and is often used to search for correlations between dietary habits and disease incidence? 





42. In a research study, one set of subjects received a treatment and another set of subjects received a placebo. This research study is an example of a(n): 





43. In the precontemplation stage of behavior change, the best action to take is to:





44. Which of the following characteristics applies to the maintenance stage of behavior change? 





45. Which of the following diseases is not influenced by diet?





46. Which of the following statements is true about the effect of genetics and nutrition on chronic diseases?





47. If a person has inherited genetic code that is related to heart disease, what effect might dietary practices have on this person's health?





48. How many calories are provided by a food that contains 20 grams of carbohydrate, 8 grams of protein, and 5 grams of fat? 





49. A food contains 8 grams of fat and provides 300 calories per gram. What is the percentage of calories obtained from fat in the food?





50. What does an elemental diet consist of? 





51. Phytochemicals found in foods are important because:





52. A compound in cranberries prevents urinary tract infections. Thus, a bowlful of whole, unmodified cranberries is an example of a(n) _____ food.





53. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a nutritious diet?





54. You purchased an enriched food product. This means that:





55. When making food choices, the best types of foods to include in your diet are:





56. Most foods that are high in calcium are poor sources of iron. This statement illustrates the characteristic of a nutritious diet known as _____. 





57. Identify an example of whole foods.





58. You know that you should limit your salt intake for the sake of your health.. This doesn't mean that you should never indulge in salty food. This statement illustrates an important characteristic of a nutritious diet called _____. 





59. . You often cannot refuse food offered to you by your companions. Which food choice factor does this situation illustrate? 





60. Your family always has rice available at every meal, just as it has been for every generation. This is an example of food selection because of:





61. In a study conducted in several countries, it was found that a high intake of fish and a low intake of animal fat were correlated with a low breast cancer mortality rate. This study is an example of a(n): 





62. Scientists have developed a new type of margarine that contains plant ingredients. They expect that the margarine will lower blood cholesterol levels. They want to test their hypothesis by comparing the blood cholesterol levels of people who will consume the new margarine with those who will consume regular margarine for a few days. Both groups of people will know which type of margarine they are to consume. Which type of research design will the scientists consider? 





63. Which of the following steps comes after the hypothesis and prediction step in the scientific method? 





64. A person with a heart disease is told to make some diet and lifestyle changes. He states, “I know that I should make changes because my father and brother both died of heart attacks. But I really like to have my big steaks for dinner.” Which stage of behavior change does this example represent





65. An individual has started to set small goals after writing an action plan for change. Which stage of behavior change does this example represent?





66. Three ounces of beef stew contains about the same amount of iron as three ounces of water-packed tuna. However, the beef stew provides over 300 calories, while the tuna provides about 100 calories. With respect to iron, the tuna offers more:





67. A false story has circulated for several years on the Internet about the chickens used by a popular national fried chicken chain. It claims that the chickens used by the company have been genetically modified to have no heads, beaks, or feet and are kept alive with feeding tubes. This is an example of:





68. A popular star has a half-hour television show describing a new dietary supplement that she claims has made her much healthier. During the show, she describes how she has seen improvement in her skin, hair, and eyesight without going to the doctor. This is an example of:





69. Which of the following statements is true of advertorials? 





70. You can tell that a claim about nutrition is unreliable if:





71. Characteristics of a legitimate and qualified nutrition expert include:





72. Describe the potential benefits of physical activity.




73. Identify the functions of food, in addition to providing nutrients.




74. Is it possible to take dietary supplements in place of food? Why or why not?




75. Why does the variety of foods available to us today make it more difficult, rather than easier, to plan a nutritious diet? 




76. Identify and briefly describe the five characteristics of a nutritious diet.




77. Identify factors that drive food choices.




78. Describe why people should not make changes in their diet based on the results of a single research study.




79. Explain the concept of nutrient density and give an example.




80. Describe how you would determine whether an Internet site offers reliable nutrition information.