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Test Bank US A Narrative History Volume 1 To 1877 8th Edition By James West Davidson

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Test Bank US A Narrative History Volume 1 To 1877 8th Edition By James West Davidson

Test Bank US A Narrative History Volume 1 To 1877 8th Edition By James West Davidson

MULTIPLE CHOICE - Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Most modern archeologists would agree that the earliest inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere came from which of the following areas of the world?

            A)   Europe    
            B)   South America
            C)   Asia
            D)   the Arctic

2)         About 15,000 years ago BP, which land bridge was used by migrants to cross between Siberia and Alaska?

            A)   Bering Strait       
            B)   Alaskan Strait
            C)   Siberian Strait
            D)   Straits of Asia

3)         Which group was the first to build cities in the New World?

            A)   Aztecs     
            B)   Olmecs
            C)   Toltecs
            D)   Mayas

4)         Both the Mogollon and the Hohokam peoples of the American Southwest tended to build their dwellings near which of the following?

            A)   other villages      
            B)   mountains
            C)   streams
            D)   sacred sites

5)         Which of the following groups lived in what is now known as the Four Corners region of the United States?

            A)   Woodlands         
            B)   Hohokam
            C)   Ancestral Pueblo
            D)   Aztecs

6)         The Mogollon, the Hohokam, and the Ancestral Pueblo were North American cultures from which region of the United States?

            A)   Eastern Woodlands        
            B)   Southwest
            C)   Great Plains
            D)   Great Basin

7)         The Mississippian people were a culture from the

            A)   Eastern Woodlands.       
            B)   Pacific Northwest.
            C)   Great Plains.
            D)   Great Basin.

8)         The Numic-speaking peoples were from which geographic region?

            A)   Eastern Woodlands        
            B)   Pacific Northwest
            C)   Great Plains
            D)   Great Basin

9)         In which of the following areas did people live in a society with deep divisions among nobles, commoners, and slaves?

            A)   Subarctic
            B)   Pacific Northwest
            C)   Great Basin
            D)   Eastern Woodlands

10)       The inhabitants of which region moved from their summer fishing camps to berry patches in the fall, and into moose- and caribou-hunting groups in the winter?

            A)   Eastern Woodlands        
            B)   Subarctic
            C)   Great Plains
            D)   Pacific Northwest

11)       What has proved to be the most important contribution of Native Americans to the course of human history?

            A)   the domestication of large animals        
            B)   the deforestation of the Great Plains
            C)   the manipulation of plants for agriculture
            D) the development of pottery and other stone works

12)       What food, developed by Native Americans, forms the center of the contemporary American diet?

            A)   corn         
            B)   teosinte
            C)   beans
            D)   squash

13)       Which of the following was the most significant barrier to communication and technology transfer between groups in the Americas?

            A)   lack of interest among inhabitants         
            B)   groups that did not know of each other's existence
            C)   the perpetual state of war between groups
            D)   the north-south geography of the Americas

14)       Why were Native Americans spared the effects of most of the world's communicable diseases until contact with the Europeans in 1492?

            A)   Until that time, they had eaten a nutrient-rich diet.       
            B)   Until that time, they had not domesticated any animals.
            C)   Until that time, they had not lived in large groups with close contact.
            D)   Until that time, they had rarely traveled out of their own communities.

15)       Recently, scholars have begun to find evidence of incredible manipulations of landscapes and environments in the least likely of places

            A)   the canyons of the Southwest.    
            B)   the area now known as Mexico City.
            C)   the Amazon rainforest.
            D)   the Subarctic.

16)       One of the major logistical obstacles that hindered New World agriculture and advancement in comparison to the Old World was

            A)   religion.  
            B)   culture.
            C)   communication and technology.
            D)   illness.

17)       Which of the following, built around 1300, contained more than 2,000 rooms and had a water and sewage-removal system?

            A)   Navajos   
            B)   Ancestral Pueblo
            C)   Paquime
            D)   Pueblos

18)       The Muskogean speakers rejected hierarchical societies in favor of egalitarian ones as they matured into three great southeastern confederacies, the

            A)   Iroquois, Algonquian, and Mohawk.      
            B)   Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw.
            C)   Chickasaw, Mohicans, and Iroquois.
            D)   Choctaw, Creek, and Apache.

19)       The distinctive feature of Iroquois and Huron architecture was not the temple mound, but the

            A)   pueblo.    
            B)   tipi.
            C)   longhouse.
            D)   wigwam.

20)       The Algonquians were part of which cultural group?

            A)   Eastern Woodlands        
            B)   Subarctic
            C)   Great Plains
            D)   Southwestern

FILL IN THE BLANK. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
A ________ is a member of a group of people who have no fixed home and who move about, usually seasonally, in pursuit of food, water, and other resources.

22)       The emergence of new _________climates, waterways, and land environments in which humans interacted with other animals and plantsmade for even greater diversity in the Americas.

23)       The first inhabitants of the Americas hunted a vast array of huge mammals like mammoths and giant bison, otherwise known as _______.

24)       Between the third and ninth centuries, the ________ civilization founded some 50 urban centers scattered throughout the Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras.

25)       The master potters of the American Southwest were the ________ people.

26)       The ________ was a distinctive feature of Iroquois and Huron architecture.

27)       The adoption of ________ gave people in the Southwest and the Eastern Woodlands the security necessary to develop complex societies.

28)       The ________ lived along the Atlantic seaboard and the Great Lakes, in communities smaller than those of either the Muskogeans or the Iroquois.

29)       ________ was the port city and hub of the Mississippian trading network.

30)       The Natchez practiced a ________ form of kinship in which women owned land, tools, and even children.

ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.
Explain how early peoples evolved into stable and secure cultures.

32)       Explain how the emergence of ecosystems made for ever greater biological diversity.

33)       Compare and contrast the early cultures of ancient Mexico.

34)       Describe the early cultures of the American Southwest.

35)       Analyze the differences between the cultures of the Pacific Northwest and the other Native American cultures in North America.

36)       Analyze and explain the rise of agriculture and the worldwide spread of American crops.

37)       Explain why Native Americans were largely spared the effects of most of the world's communicable diseases until 1492.

38)       Describe the Americas on the eve of contact with European civilizations.

39)       In an evolutionary context, why were Native Americans at a disadvantage compared to Europeans?

40)       Discuss the historical detective work involved in tracking the movements of the earliest Americans.

Answer Key

Test name: Chapter 1 The First Civilizations of North America

1) C

2) A

3) B

4) C

5) C

6) B

7) A

8) D

9) B

10) B

11) C

12) A

13) D

14) B

15) C

16) C

17) C

18) B

19) C

20) A

21) nomad

22) ecosystems

23) megafauna

24) Mayan

25) Mogollon

26) longhouse

27) agriculture

28) Algonquians

29) Cahokia

30) matrilineal

31) Answers will vary.

32) Answers will vary.

33) Answers will vary.

34) Answers will vary.

35) Answers will vary.

36) Answers will vary.

37) Answers will vary.

38) Answers will vary.

39) Answers will vary.

40) Answers will vary.